Tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van de kartografie in Nederland
Haarlemmermeer: Maps of early 17th century reclamation schemes
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 1, pp. 1-12]
Before its final draining in 1852 various plans were conceived
to prevent the Haarlemmermeer, situated between Amsterdam, Haarlem and Leiden, from further continuously affecting
the adjacent land. Besides taking protective measures for the
border lands in question, the other alternative to be considered
was reciamation of the ever growing lake.
In order to meet with all kinds of problems and to accommodate the interests of various parties, this resulted in a range of alternatives, a number of them recorded in maps. Of the ear- ly phase, in the first half of the 17th century, three categories of maps are remarkable, which are discuss~d shortly in this article.
The first plan, represented in one single manuscript map, was drawn by Gerbrant Meussz., a surveyor. The map content is very incomplete and lacks a legend in which the features, represented in the map, are explained. This, combined with the fact that links with known requests are missing, makes detailed research virtually impossible.
The second group of plans laid down in a map were signed by Jan Adriaensz. Leeghwater, a well known, almost legendary, professional in the field. His maps, however, like the one by Meussz. show a rather poor cartography, without details or complicating elements. Nevertheiess some essential topographical features seem to have been put up-to-date. Leeghwaters'printed map shows without explanation a picture differing from the earliest manuscript versions. The engraving was published in a propaganda booklet entitled Haerlemmer- Meer-Boeck.
The final category of maps in this period was initiated In 1640 by Jacob Bartelsz. Veris. It was presented to the Polderboard of Rijnland in 1641. Five large-scale manuscript maps of this proposal are known, most of which are decorated and must have been presented to influential institutions and persons. From the point of view of differing copperplates and states, the printed versions of this concept are extremely interesting because two engravings were published, both in many different states. Many changing emblematical ingredients seem to point at competing interests.
It is noteworthy to state that the early propaganda maps were not accurate and complete enough to realize the complicated reclamation of the Haarlemmermeer. They should be considered merely as initiatives that needed detailed elaboration after discussion. (back)
An unknown Leo Belgicus by Jodocus Hondius, 1590 
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 1, pp. 12-15]
The Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid houses a circular map of the Leo Belgicus bv Jodocus Hondius, originally engraved in London in 1590, and republished in Amsterdam in 1593, equipped with a decorative rectangular border. This is a thematic map on which the numbers of towns and villages are mentioned, while the universities and dioceses are indicated by symbols. As sources were used the works of Hogenberg (1583) and Aitzinger (1584). When Hondius moved to Amsterdam in 1593, hereprinted the map. The circular copperplate was fixed into the gap of the rectangular copperplate of the decorative border and was subsequently printed in a single printing process. A print by Adriaen Collaert served as a model for the decorative map-border. (back)
Marc Hameleers & Elizabet Nijhoff Asser
The restoration of kaartboek-B (mapbook-B) in the Archives of the Amsterdam Burgerweeshuis (City Orphanage): first in a series of seventeen
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 2, pp. 21-31]
In the Municipal Archives of Amsterdam there are seventeen mapbooks. Most of them are in a bad condition. In 1989 a program was started to improve their condition by restoration. Every year one or two books will be restored. In this article three different types of mapbooks are treated th‚ oratically. Each restored mapbook will be accompanied by its own conservation report. This articie gives an idea what a reader might expect in the seventeen reports. Amongst other things all maps will be described, as well as a report concerning the restoration. Also a paragraph will be written concerning the interpretation of the maps a reader might find. Apart from that indexes (names of all persons that are mentioned on the maps as well the toponymes) will be made. To illustrate the treatment reports from each map photographes in colour and blgick and white will be made. The reports and photographes will make it less necessary to consult the original mapbooks. (back)
A sketch plan of the city of Groningen (1505/1508)
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 2, pp. 32-34]
In the State Archives of Dresden a document has been found on the survey of some pieces of land in Friesland on behalf of Duke George of Saxony ('with the beard'). Between the documents an undated and primitive plan of the city of Groningen was found, probably from about 1505/1508. (back)
A. de Zeeuw
A rare map ofd the province of Zeeland from the last quarter of the 16th century
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 3, pp. 41-46]
The subject of this article is an anonymous map of the province of Zeeland, of which until recently only one copy was known. With regard to its content, the map has to be dated between 1565 and 1583. The appearance of two more copies on the antiquarian market, with text in verso from the second edition of De Jode's Speculum orbis terrae (1593) reveals something more about its history. The author suggests that in these cases the map was used by Cornelis deJode to substitute the common De Jode-map of Zeeland - engraved by the Van Deutecum brothers - in his attempt to make the second edition of his father's atlas more attractive. (back)
The publication of cadastral atlases in the Netherlands
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 3, pp. 47-51]
Five provinces of the Netherlands have started
publishing cadastral atiasses for the purpose of making
public the cadastral field plots of each cadastral
municipality from 1832 with the accompanying lists of
plots and owners. In that year the land-registry was introduced officially aiming at a uniform tax, equal for the
whole country. It was also necessary to create legal
security in relation to proprietary rights and other legal
rights on real estate. Nowadays, the land registry systern
is still based on the registers of 1832. The registers are
kept up to date as soon as there are any changes by the
Offices of the Land-registry of the Ministry of Housing,
Planning and Environment.
The cadastral data can be used for different kinds of research: archeological, historical, genealogical, architectural, geographical etc.
The atlasses of each province have their own composition and lay- out. The reduced field plots have been added, either in loose sheets or bound and folded. For consultation and photocopying the loose sheets are preferable.
This article contains a list of addresses of the provincial foundations and the atlasses published so far. (back)
Descendants of Amsterdam cartographers
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 3, pp. 53]
This notice is a re-publication of a letter published in the Nieuwsblad voor den Boekhandel (1937). It was written by dr T. Vink, teacher of the Vossius Gymnasium in Amsterdam. He refers to a photograph dated 1935 which shows him amidst four of his students: from left to right Gerard Ottens, Theo Hondius, dr. T. Vink, Johannes ('Jo') van Keulen and Hetty Covens, descendants of famous Dutch cartographers. Their families stilt have map collections and try to enlarge them. (back)
Maps, views and history prints by Claes Jansz. Visscher and his sons in the Hollstein series
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 4, pp. 61-65]
To what degree is topographical and cartographical material
covered by the volumes of Hollstein's Dutch & Flemish Etchings,
Engravings and Woodcuts ca. 1450-1700? During the lifetime of the
founder and first compiler of the series, the auctioneer and art
dealer F.W.H. Hollstein (1888-1957), it was mostly profiles and
views that were included. Not to merely duplicate the valuable
work of the Atlantes Neerlandici by Koeman it was eventually
decided to describe (wall-)maps that were not in the first
instance intended for atlases. Inclusion would follow this
hierarchy: wherever possible under the engraver, if the engraver
is unknown under the designer, if both of these are unknown under
The volumes XXXVIII (text) and XXXIX (plates) largely describe the "oeuvre" of the Amsterdam draughtsman, etcher and publisher Claes Jansz. Visscher (1586/1587-1652). Influenced by the map-publisher Willem Jansz. (Blaeu) and the draughtsman and painter David Vinck(e)boons, Visscher started his own shop in 1610, to move to the Kalverstraat in 1611. The volumes include all history prints, (profile) views, plans, landscapes and maps initiated in Visscher's workshop. In each case an attribution of the etching or engraving work to the master or (a) member(s) of his workshop is given. Reissues by Visscher are excluded, as are first issues by Visscher of plates by identified engravers. A section with erroneously attributed sheets is called 'mentioned by' (vol. XXXVIII, pp. 231-247). The catalogues of prints published by the sons Claes Claesz. Visscher I (Nicolaes I; 1618-1679) and Claes Claesz. Visscher II (Nicolaes II; 1649-1702) includes the (profile) views, wall-maps and maps published apart from the atlases. Lavish illustration of these "oeuvres" is offered in the plate-volume. (back)
W.K. van der Veen
Groningen and Het Bildt in 1505-1508
[Caert-Tresoor 10(1991) 4, pp. 66-71]
The skeleton-map of Groningen and surroundings, found in the Dresden State Archives (see Caert-Thresoor 10 (1991) pp. 32-34), is an illustration of the siege of the city of Groningen by the Saxon and East-Frisian troups in 1505. This map has been preserved thanks to the fact that some years later a map of the region of Het Bildt (in the Northwestern part of Friesland) had been drawn on the back side. This region had been reclaimed not long before and the map had been joined with other documents regarding the embankment of this area and kept in the archives of the Saxon dukes who ruled in Friesland by those days. (back)