Tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van de kartografie
Journal for the history of cartography in the Netherlands

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Inhoud 27e jaargang (2008)
Contents of volume 27 (2008)

no. 1     no. 2     no. 3     no. 4

Caert-Thresoor 27e jaargang 2008, nr. 1

Caert-Thresoor 27e jaargang 2008, nr. 2

Caert-Thresoor 27e jaargang 2008, nr. 3

Caert-Thresoor 27e jaargang 2008, nr. 4


Rolf Blankemeijer
Hunsow: ‘Where there’s a will there’s a way’

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 1, pp. 1-4]

The town of Hunsow is shown on several old maps of the eastern Netherlands. It was said that Hunsow was once an important city. Historians and archaeologists were very eager to discover important relics of the past which could contribute to the image of an impressive history. They showed the city on their maps or dug where locals said that the famous old city was situated, and during the excavations, they discovered streets, city walls, graves etc. In 1843 a special map of the remnants of the city was published. Unfortunately scientists dicovered later that everything concerning Hunsow was in fact wishful thinking: the old streets were remnants Of old rivers and agricultural activities from prehistoric times. The city of Hunsow never existed, but it leaves us with an interesting tale and some strange maps. (back)

Bernhard Jenny & Elger Heere
Visualization of planimetric accuracy in ancient maps with MapAnalyst

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 1, pp. 5-10]

MapAnalyst is a new software application for the visualization and study of the planimetric accuracy of old maps. (information and download software: http://mapanalyst.cartography.ch) It illustrates local map distortion by generating distortion grids, displacement vectors, and isolines of scale and rotation. MapAnalyst additionally computes the old map’s scale and rotation, as well as statistical indicators summarizing the map’s geometric accuracy. It offers a user-friendly interface and is freely available for all major computer platforms. This article describes MapAnalyst’s functionalities and the steps leading to visualizations of a map’s planimetric accuracy. As an example, accuracy visualizations generated for a part of the map ‘Holland’ by Jacob van Deventer (c. 1500-1575) are discussed. (back)

Henk van der Heijden
Dutch history in maps

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 1, pp. 11-14]

The early Dutch cartographers were not only concerned with providing geographically correct maps, often they also added all sorts of information to their engravings. They proved themselves sensitive to contemporary events around them and showed appreciation of the past. Accordingly many maps of the Netherlands have been supplied with extra texts or symbols bearing on history (particularly on our national history), even if the map itself gives no special reason for these addenda. This article contains some specimens of events, persons and symbols inserted in maps of the Netherlands concerning our country’s past. It offers a different and attractive way of examining maps, which applies also to other elements in maps such as cartouches, compass roses, costumes and weapons. (back)

L. Aardoom
Map of the polder district Veluwe (1879), relic of a regional problem

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 1, pp. 16-22]

“Het Polderdistrict Veluwe” (fifteen united polders on the west-bank of the River IJssel between Voorst and Hattem) increasingly suffered from a defective drainage when in 1869 civil-engineer W.J. Backer was invited to investigate possibilities of improvement. A workable map of the area not being at hand, he decided to make one by regional enlargement of the national Topographic and Military Map (1:50.000) unto the scale of 1:20.000, supplemented by essential height information. This information was collected by levelling, subsequently by his former collaborator W. Brandsma from Harlingen and F.J. Dozy, who recently failed at the Delft Polytechnical. In four sheets the hand-drawn map was completed in 1878. In 1879 it was lithographed and colourprinted in 500 copies by E.J. Brill at Leiden. Overall, the map measures about 200 cm x 80 cm. It was also sold to the general public. As a reference document for designing and presentation of plans to solve the drainage problem the map appeared as an attachment to W.J. Backer’s final report submitted in 1881. Backer’s proposal, which comprised the construction of two steam-driven pumpingstations to drain off on the river, was considered too ambitious at the time and it took 40 years before a modified version of his plan was realized. The original hand-drawn sheets of the map, though presently in a poor state of conservation, have been preserved. (back)

Peter van der Krogt
Late medieval local maps of the Netherlands

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 2, pp. 29-42]

Based on literature research this article includes a descriptive list of 12 regional maps (on 15 sheets) dating from before 1500, and four maps commonly dated ‘c. 1500’. More of these medieval local maps are probably ‘hidden’ in archives; the purpose of this article is to encourage research for them.

The maps are:

  1. Sketch map of the Aardenburg Moors, c. 1307.
  2. Map of the border in Brabant and Holland between the nations of England and Picardy, at the University of Paris, drawn by William de Spyny, 1357.
  3. Tithe map of the polders near IJzendijke and Oostburg, 1358.
  4. Three maps used in the Geertruidenberg vs. Standhazen litigation, 1448.
  5. Map of a part of the Spaarndammerdijk with the lands to the Spieringmeer under Houtrijk and Polanen, c. 1457.
  6. Map of the course of the Schelde and Honte rivers from Rupelmonde to the North Sea, 1468.
  7. Sketch map of the Utrecht - Het Gooi border, 1472.
  8. Maps of the lands in, or near, Akersloot owned by the St. Maartenshofje at Haarlem, 1472.
  9. Tithe map of the Braakman and adjacent polders, c. 1480.
  10. Painting of the St. Elizabeth Flood of 1421, late 15th century.
  11. Map of the channels between Dirksland, Melissant and Sommelsdijk, 1487.
  12. Map of the water control in the Gouda region, 1498.
  13. Map of the course of the rivers Lek, Waal, Hollandse IJssel and Oude Rijn.
  14. Map of the seigneuries of Voorne and Putten.
  15. Map of the mud flat of Piershil.
  16. Map of the Hoeksche Waard and IJsselmonde.

Martine Gosselink
Johannes Vingboons (1616/7-1670), a real copier

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 2, pp. 43-47]

Johannes Vingboons (1616/7-1670 was a versatile cartographer. His oeuvre consists of hundred of maps. Besides a cartographer who produced accurate new maps and charts, he was also a copier pur sang and copied late 16th century maps. (back)

Beata Medynska-Gulij
Assessment of the cartographic design of early maps on the example of maps of Europe from the Theatrum, Speculum and Atlas from the sixteenth century

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 3, pp. 57-65]

The objective of the present article is to determine criteria for assessing the design of early maps. On the basis of an analysis and selection of the most important aspects of map design, the author proposes an objective method of determining its value. This method is then used to assess the cartographic design of three copperplates of Europe, namely from Ortelius’ Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1573), De Jode’s Speculum Orbis Terrarum (1578) and Mercator’s Atlas (1595). (back)

Sophie Visser
Towards a virtual workspace for old maps as a historical source

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 3, pp. 66-70]

Old maps are interesting to many researchers, both professionals and laymen. However, the information the maps contain differs in reliability and accuracy. This can pertain to maps as a whole, or to certain types of elements, and/or to certain geographic regions and places. In research, people solve this by making annotations for themselves, but their knowledge is hardly shared with others. In this vein, a virtual workspace for old maps is proposed.

The solution presented here starts from an usercentred approach and aims at supporting users in how they work with maps, in stead of merely presenting the maps. This idea builds on developments like going on(Post-)Digital Libraries, e-research, virtual (knowledge) communities’, etcetera. Internationally some projects and systems for historic materials have already developed necessary functionalities. The virtual workspace for old maps may nationally connect to a recent Dutch project, Archief4all, and research at institutions like the National Archives and the Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Arts and the Humanities. However, the largest problems challenge might be the multitude of archives and map collections involved. (back)

Amrit Gomperts, Arnoud Haag and Peter Carey
The Vanished Royal City of Majapahit in Fourteenth Century Java finally indentified on Maps

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 3, pp. 71-78]

J.W.B. Wardenaar’s recently rediscovered map from 1815, along with an excavation plan drawn by B. Nobile de Vistarini in 1931 and georeferencing W.F. Stutterheim’s plan from 1941 enable a positive identification of the location of the vanished royal city of Majapahit on the isle of Java in the fourteenth century. A few interesting details emerge when Stutterheim’s city plan is projected onto a number of small-scale maps from the colonial period. (back)

Igor Fomenko
The Blaeu-Vingboons manuscript globe in Moscow

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 4, pp. 89-96]

Following restoration work in the National Historical Museum in Moscow, a unique monument in the field of cultural history has become accessible for research: the large, bronze manuscript globe. Archival research led to the identification of Joannes Vingboons as the globe’s maker; it was contracted out to him by Joan Blaeu. Although ordered by Queen Christina of Sweden the globe was eventually bought by Peter the Great. Archival sources and its topography indicate that the globe must have been compiled between 1650 and 1655. (back)

Jan Willem van Waning
Schotanus’ Frisian atlas as a political statement

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 4, pp. 97-103]

An interesting find in the Amsterdam Historisch Museum of an exceptional annotated ‘working copy’ of the Frisian atlas by Bernhard Schotanus à Sterringa (ca. 1639-1704), together with a review of annotations made by Johan Hilarides (1649-1725) on a set of loose maps in the Fries Museum in Leeuwarden, proves that a planned 1716 re-issue of this atlas by François Halma (1653-1722) was postponed to 1718 for political reasons. The planned 1716 re-issue was to be published with the 1698 title and title-page preceded by the coats-of-arms of Hendrik Casimir II (1657-1696), the province Friesland, and the Frisian goën (districts) and cities – similar to the 1698 issue – with the maps of the thirty Frisian grietenijen (councils) in their second state. When published in 1718, the title had been changed and a new title-page had been engraved. A most important addition is the dedication to Willem Karel Hendrik Friso van Oranje and Nassau (1711-1751) after his nomination, at the age of seven, as future Stadholder of Friesland together with his own – rather than his grandfather’s – coat-of-arms. Also added are seven maps of historical Frisia, possibly to enhance the idea that, finally, the old Frisia had been restored to the contemporary Republic of the Seven United Provinces.

The political message was that the Frisians contrary to the Province of Holland, were wholeheartedly supporting Willem Karel Hendrik Friso as future Stadholder not only of Friesland but also of the Seven United Provinces. The wish of the Frisians eventually materialised in 1747 when Willem Karel Hendrik Friso, as Willem IV, was called to take on the responsibilities of Stadholder of the United Provinces. (back)

Egbert Brink
“Als off men daer sellfs in locu waer”: Early seventeenth century peat digging maps of southwest Drenthe

[Caert-Thresoor 27 (2008) 4, pp. 104-110]

Within Dutch civil engineering cartography of the 17th century one seldom finds peat digging maps. Some exceptions are those of the southwest part of Drenthe, which were made by order of the Amsterdam trading company ‘Hollandse Compagnie van de Dieverder en Leggeler Smildervenen’. From 1633 onwards, these maps were drawn by the Flemish-Dutch engraver and bookkeeper Pieter Serwouters.

Serwouters worked in Amsterdam, and produced these maps in close cooperation with the cartographer Pieter Vingboons. This article describes six recently discovered maps that once belonged to this Hollandse Compagnie, yet are currently in private hands. The maps are ambiguous: on the one hand they are functional because of the strong focus on the region’s civil engineering and infrastructure; on the other hand they are ornamental in the way the landscape is represented. They may well have been preparatory studies for a now lost wall-map. (back)

Laatst bijgewerkt door Peter van der Krogt