Tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van de cartografie
Journal for the history of cartography in the Netherlands

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Inhoud 26e jaargang (2007)
Contents of volume 26 (2007)

no. 1     no. 2     no. 3     no. 4

Caert-Thresoor 26e jaargang 2007, nr. 1

Caert-Thresoor 26e jaargang 2007, nr. 2

Caert-Thresoor 26e jaargang 2007, nr. 3

Caert-Thresoor 26e jaargang 2007, nr. 4

Feestnummer ter gelegenheid van de 65ste verjaardag en emeritaat van Prof. Dr. F.J. Ormeling


Frans Depuydt
Earth and celestial globes in Antwerp paintings

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 1, pp. 1-8]

In the 16th and 17th centuries interest in new geographical discoveries was so considerable that several painters included terrestrial and celestial globes as parts of the living quarters of high-ranking citizens. Five examples by Antwerp painters are in the permanent collection of the Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp. We presume that the extremely truthful depiction of the globes refer to actually constructed models that the artists painted ‘from life’. This presumption leads naturally to an identification of these globes and of their authors. Figure 1 represents the ‘Saint Christopher’s legend’ (Flemish school, ca 1550). The saint bears a terrestrial globe on his shoulder (figure 2). The painting is supposed to have been made after Gemma Frisius’s model, the description of which is known although the globe itself is said to have disappeared.
Figure 4 may be the representation of a celestial globe by J. Hondius Sr. (ca 1600), and is a part of the famous work by Maarten de Vos: ‘Saint Luke painting the Madonna’ (1602 – figure 3). Since other contemporaries in the Netherlands created similar globes as well it would not be scientifically justified to assign this globe to a specific person.
The Antwerp artist Joannes IJkens – both painter and sculptor - painted the ‘Allegorical glorification of the birth of a prince’ in 1659 (figure 5). In this work he includes a magnificent depiction of the terrestrial globe (‘Sphérographe de leurs Altesses’ = Albert and Isabelle), dating from the 16 th century (figure 6), that was constructed probably by A.F. van Langren rather than by other contemporaries like J. Hondius (and W.J. Blaeu?) who should not, however, be completely excluded.
The diptych ‘A painter’s studio” (figure 7) and ‘A sculptor’s studio’ (figure 9) was painted by Gerard Thomas (Antwerp, ca 1700). We attribute the celestial globes (figures 8 and 10) on both paintings to W.J. Blaeu (as from 1603) or to J. Hondius who was inspired by Blaeu. The well- known Valk globes, which were completely innovatory for their time, would probably have been too late to be taken as a model by the painter.
From the 18 th century the habit of depicting globes in the portraits of scholars or powerful rulers, or in paintings of scientific, cultural environments, or in living rooms significantly decreases. (back)

Peter H. Meurer
An atlas of Gelderland by Jacob van Biesen (Arnhem 1672)

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 1, pp. 9-11]

The Arnhem printer and publisher Jacob van Biesen (active 1632–1677) issued in 1672 (with the imprint „Imprimerie Royale“) the Cartes geographiques du Duche de Gueldres. This first special atlas of a Dutch province includes 20 sheets with maps, town views and fortress plans in Gelderland. The plates had earlier been used in the chronicle XIV boeken van de Geldersse geschiedenissen by Arend van Slichtenhorst (1616–1657), issued by Van Biesen from 1653 onwards. The Cartes geographiques… work seems to have been compiled rather hastely for the use of the French troops occupying parts of the Netherlands from 1672 to 1674. The probably sole surviving copy is in Cologne University Library. (back)

Ferjan Ormeling
Atlas of Dutch discoveries, 1827

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 1, pp. 12-14]

As increasingly the names given by Dutch explorers worldwide were disappearing from maps published in England, France and elsewhere, in 1821 the Utrecht provincial society of arts and sciences offered a prize for the best treatise that illustrated the contributions of Dutch explorers in the 16th and 17th century. The first prize was awarded in 1824 to the authors, naval captain R.G. Bennet and boarding-school proprietor J. van Wijk, for their treatise documenting these explorers’ discoveries. They had also produced an atlas as an accompanying volume. This atlas primarily showed the names given by the Dutch as first explorers and focused on the Arctic (Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya), Nieuw Nederland (New York state), southern South America (with Cape Horn), Nieuw Holland (Australia), Japan and the Pacific. Altogether 107 Dutch discoveries were documented in this atlas-cum-treatise, published in 1827. (back)

Marco van Egmond & Ferjan Ormeling
Dutch thematic maps on the web

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 2, pp. 29-38]

A new collection of digitized maps on the cumulative website Gedigitaliseerde kaarten/ Digitized maps (http://kaarten.library. uu.nl) of the University Library of Utrecht has recently been added: the collection 100 Thematic maps of the Netherlands can be admired now on the web.
In the development of thematic cartography a number of milestones can be discerned, either in the gathering of knowledge on the earth or in its visualization. The website 100 Thematic maps shows such milestones for the Netherlands: when did one start here with soil mapping, with rendering the third dimension, or with visualizing weather observations? And what were the crucial stages in their improvement?
The selection of thematic maps was made by members of the Faculty of Geosciences. The digitized maps have been annotated thoroughly and can be viewed in detail by the use of advanced software. The general comments are only in Dutch for now, although the main pages of the website are also available in English.
A special aspect of the digitized collection is the inclusion of maps from outside Utrecht University Library, as institutions elsewhere in the Netherlands, amongst others the university libraries of Leiden and Amsterdam, contributed with important thematic maps from their collections.
Three other collections of digitized maps now accessible on the Utrecht University Library website are Toonneel des Aerdrijcx, with seventy of its rare old maps, 130 old maps of the Dutch provinces of Holland and Utrecht and 250 sheets of a Belgian soil map from 1950-1971 on the scale of 1:20.000 (the latter for soil sciences student support). It is planned to add other cartographic collections from the Faculty of Geosciences map section in Utrecht University Library to this website in the near future. (back)

Joost Augusteijn
Maps of the Hanseatic towns in a book by J.A. von Werdenhagen from 1641

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 2, pp. 39-42]

Besides the well-known works with town plans of Braun and Hogenberg and of Guicciardini, in 1641 a book was published about the Hanseatic towns with almost 150 maps. The book was entitled De rebus publicis hanseaticis tractatus and was written by the historian Johan Angelius von Werdenhagen and published by Matthäus Merian in Frankfurt am Main. It contains 27 prints of towns in the Northern Netherlands, of which the town plans were taken from Braun and Hogen-berg, Guicciardini, Emmius and Boxhorn. The pro-files were from original designes. Many of these images are – together with the maps of the 1649 town atlas of Blaeu – copied for Martin Zeiller’s book Topographia Germaniae-Inferioris vel Ciculi-Bugundici that was published in 1654 and 1659 by Caspar Merian in Frankfurt am Main. (back)

Peter van der Krogt
Latin texts on old maps: Elementary Latin grammar and cartographic word lists

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 2, pp. 43-53]

Until well into the eighteenth century, Latin was the universal language of scholars. Scholars from various countries corresponded and wrote their treatises in this language. For inscriptions on old maps and prints, this language was in common usage as well. When atlases began to be printed in vernacular languages, it was only the texts on verso that were printed in the vernacular. The maps retained their Latin shape, - also due to the expen-ses to re-engrave the copper plates for each edition in different languages. For map collectors and others who are involved with old maps, a basic knowledge of Latin is an essential advantage. Familiarity with a limited set of words and some basic knowledge about grammar (particularly declensions or cases) allows the reader to roughly understand most inscriptions on old maps. In this article the most common “formulas” are explained, and lists of words will be provided. (back)

Louk Box
Pieter de la Rive (1694-1771), ’Directeur der Fortificatieën van Maastricht’

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 3, pp. 65-69]

Pieter de la Rive’s biography gives an insight into an 18th Century military mapmaker, working in various parts of The Netherlands from Ameland to Namur. He was descended from a Geneva-based family, being the grandson of a Swiss officer who emigrated to the Republic. His close ties with the Frisian branch of the House of Orange may have started while making a map of Ameland; the ties strengthened during a long career as a military officer, during which he attained the rank of general. He redesigned the defences of Maastricht, a work that could not be completed due to financial constraints. (back)

Herman Versfelt
The Huguenin maps of the northern part of the Netherlands (1819-1829)

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 3, pp. 70-74]

Between 1819 and 1829 military surveyors under lieutenant engineer W.U. Huguenin mapped the northern part of the Netherlands. The 84 manuscript maps which they produced, all at a size of 40x40 cm and on a scale of 1:40.000, were planned to serve as underlying material for the production of Krayenhoff’s printed map of the Netherlands. The engineers based their maps as much as possible on those existing already. Especially useful to them were the Ordnance maps, the production of which ran more or less parallel with the military engineers’ own activities. (back)

Ruud Paesie
The ‘Nieut Kaert-boeck vande XVII Nederlandse Provincie’: New insights into two late 17th-century atlases

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 3, pp. 75-79]

In the second half of the 17th century two atlases with topographic maps of the Dutch Seventeen Provinces were published: one by Frederick de Wit and the other by Nicolaas Visscher I. Both atlases bear a striking resemblance to each other by using the same title Nieut Kaert-boeck vande XVII Nederlandse Provincie on the same frontispiece. Missing was the date on the title-pages and there- fore the publishing date was till now deduced from evidence in the maps. Recently, an unknown copy of the Visscher I atlas has surfaced, shedding new light on this matter. Additional research in other sources concludes that De Wit published his map book in 1672, quickly followed by Visscher I. In 1684 his son Nicolaas Visscher II republished the atlas with a new frontispiece, afterwards re-used by De Wit. (back)

Elger Heere & Martijn Storms
Cartographer with a capital K. A biography of Prof. Dr. Ferjan Ormeling

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 4, pp. 90-96]

This biography appears on the occasion of Ferjan Ormeling’s 65th birthday and his retirement as Professor of Cartography. Ferjan Ormeling studied geography in Groningen. Since 1969 he worked at the cartography department at Utrecht University, where he received his PhD in 1983 and was appointed professor in cartography in 1985. Ormeling is active in various fields of cartographic research such as atlas cartography and toponymy. Besides, he is active in various organisations, e.g. the Dutch Association for Cartography (now part of Geo-Information of the Netherlands), the International Cartographic Association, the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names and the Scientific Atlas of the Netherlands Foundation. (back)

Peter van der Krogt
Ormeling in Toponyms

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 4, pp. 97-98]

One of Ferjan Ormelings research interests is geographical names, or toponyms. The author looked for toponyms, which contains the name ‘Ormeling’. He found three of such, of which one is in Belgium, on the language border. (back)

Ferjan Ormeling
J.H.W. Meijerink’s letters from the Dutch East Indies

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 4, pp. 99-102]

Between May and December 1948 a series of letters from topographer J.H.W. Meijerink were published in the local paper Deldens Weekblad. As an employer of the ordnance survey in the Dutch East Indies, he was detached in West- Borneo for at least eight months. There he had to fix the lengths and widths of some measure points, used as basis for the further detailed mappings with help of aerial photographs. It is less known that the Dutch colonial government executed surveying projects after the Second World War, and therefore it is important to pay attention to the old letters of John Meijerink (1926-2006). From now, the full texts of these letters are available on the website of Caert-Thresoor (click here). (back)

Ferjan Ormeling
Geographical Names in the Atlas Izaak de Graaf

[Caert-Thresoor 26 (2007) 4, pp. 103-108]

In 2006, the Atllas Izaak de Graaf was published. This early 18th century atlas contains the trade area of the Dutch East Indian Company VOC). This atlas gave the opportunity to analyse the geographical names in that area. The author distinguishes names for objects, conceptual names, describing names, religious names, commemorative names and names for nostagical archipelagos. (back)

Laatst bijgewerkt :Peter van der Krogt