Tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van de kartografie
On the front cover of Caert-Thresoor is shown a detail of the world map in two hemispheres by Jodocus Hondius [senior/The Elder](1563-1612) with the routes of Sir Francis Drake and of Thomas Cavendish. Hondius was born and lived in Flanders. In 1583 he fled, being a Protestant, to London. There he lived until his return in 1593 to Amsterdam. It is not known for sure if he published this map during his stay in London. It is assumed that at least two copies were issued there (the broadside version in the British Library Map Library and another exemplar, with contemporary portraits of Drake and of Cavendish pasted on verso, in the Map Room of the Royal Geographical Society). Where this map was published, however, is a minor question. Suffice to state that it belongs to the finest maps ever made in the sixteenth century. (back)
Three scarce maps of the world published by Dancker Danckerts
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 1, pp. 5-9]
Around 1660 Dancker Danckerts published three world maps. For his first map of about 1658 (see figure 2) he used the copperplate of A.F. van Langren (see figure 1); the decorative borders were copied from a bible map of Claes Jansz. Visscher (see figure 3).
For his second map of about 1662 (see figure 5) he used the copperplate of Johannes van Deutecum jun. (see figure 4); the decorative borders were copied from a bible map of Nicolaes Visscher (see figure 6).
The third map of about 1665 (see figure 7) was engraved by Dancker Danckerts himself; both the map and the decorative borders were copied from an atlas map of Nicolaes Visscher (see figure 8). The copperplate was re-used in 1715 by the Amsterdam publisher Isaäc van der Putte (see figure 9). (back)
Henk van der Heijden
Antonius van Leest, a 16th century mapmaker from Antwerp
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 1, pp. 10-12]
In 1999 two small woodcut maps of the 'Southern Netherlands' (between 1577 and 1585) and of the 'Duchy of Brabant' (after 1577) were discovered. Both undated maps were signed by Antonius van Leest and printed at The Golden Hand ('in Manu Aurea') in Antwerp. Antonius van Leest (about 1545 - after 1592), a many-sided wood-cutter and printer, was active in the offices of Plantin/Plantijn and of Bernard van den Putte. Around 1577 he bought the printing office of Nicolas van Asse, the brother-in-law of Van den Putte. In1585 he fled to the northern Netherlands, where he died probably around 1592. In 1595 the printing office was sold by his widow. (back)
Frans Depuydt and Leen Decruynaere
The maps of Flanders by Mercator and Ortelius : To what extent are they metrically accurate?
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 1, pp. 13-19]
Thanks to the high-speed computer processing of digitized points on old maps and on the corresponding current map it has become possible, by means of the iterative Procrustes analysis method (i.e. a repetitive similarity transformation), to express graphically and statistically the metric evaluation of the historical mapping activities. This method was employed on Mercator's map of Flanders and on the copy by Ortelius. The result unearths some interesting facts that lead to a few notable answers on questions, such as: to what extent was the copying process metrically accurate, and how do measurement errors made from the centre to the edges of the area accumulate and propagate? (back)
Paula van Gestel-van het Schip
The Dutch historical carto-philately
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 2, pp. 29-40]
This article is a study of Dutch map-makers, their maps, and of maps of Dutch territories issued on postage stamps - either as single stamps or as miniature sheets. This kind of collecting is called thematic philately : the collecting of a special subject without pursuing completeness and disregarding the country of issue.
With my collection entitled An age-long route / The history of cartography I reached, within about fifteen years, an international level : this allows me to participate in world philatelic exhibitions.
Many countries have issued stamps with Dutch cartographic subjects, but most stamps were somehow related to Dutch explorers or to the Dutch East India Company (VOC). Sometimes the image on the stamp is used only as propaganda, at other times the issue commemorates an historical event. More often the map on the stamp has a decorative purpose : to depict a region, a route, or a connection with a famous person like an explorer or a cartographer. The map itself was the reason for issue on only one occasion : the commemoration of the oldest map of Suriname (image 53). This article illustrates but a small part of carto-philately. Many issues concern foreign cartographers, map-makers, and explorers. Other cartographic subjects - like border disputes, projection methods, or nautical instruments - can also be the basis of a very interesting thematic collection. (back)
Peter H. Meurer
The young Nicolaes van Geelkercken
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 2, pp. 41-47]
New-found sources allow the early life of the cartographer, engraver, and publisher Nicolaes van Geelkercken to be rewritten. He was born between October 1585 and October 1586, most probably in Geilenkirchen in the duchy of Jülich; the family may have come from the nearby village of Scherpenseel. Having studied at Cologne University for about one year from 1600 he went to Italy, to his brother Arnold van Scherpenseel (or: Arnold di Arnoldi, c. 1570-1602), who worked as an engraver of maps and of scientific instruments for, i.a., G.A. Magini. Nicolaes van Geelkercken left Italy in 1603 for Amsterdam. His first works (dated 1610/1611) include some maps of contemporary events along the lower Rhine. He set up his own business in Leiden (1612), Amsterdam (1613-c. 1616), and again in Leiden (1616-1628). From 1628 he worked as official surveyor of the Province of Gelderland, being based in Arnhem where he was buried on 25 September 1656. He was succeeded by his eldest son Isaac (1614-1672). Two younger sons, Arnold (*1622) and Jacob (1623- pre-1677), were also active as surveyors.(back)
Karel Kinds & Mathieu Franssen
'Carte Belgica Arnout petitte' : a new look at an early map of the Seventeen Provinces
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 3, pp. 57-62]
In his reference work on maps of the Seventeen Provinces - Oude kaarten der Nederlanden, 1548-1794 [...] or Old maps of the Netherlands, 1548-1794 [...] (Alphen aan den Rijn ; Leuven, 1998) - Henk van der Heijden gave the sequence number '10' to the map La Descrittione Di Belgica Con Le Sue Frontiere. Sequence number '7' was given to the Italian map of the Seventeen Provinces of Forlani; yet this is a copy based upon map number '10' which must, therefore, be dated earlier than the Forlani copy. The map La Descrittione Di Belgica [...] ought to be re-numbered '5' and have two states: the first, unsigned, but engraved probably by Arnout Nicolai; the second, signed by Cornelis de Hooghe. La Descrittione Di Belgica [...] is a reduction of the wall-map of Jacob van Deventer of 1551/52, that was eventually published around 1557.(back)
Simple 20th-century research on old maps of Texel and of Hungary
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 3, pp. 63-68]
When studying old maps it is always difficult to determine their accuracy and sources. To overcome these problems quickly one can use a simple technique: by copying some relevant points on the maps and by connecting these points with lines. In this way simplified cartographic diagrams can be obtained which - transformed to an identical scale - can then easily be compared with each other and with a modern map. The case-studies of Texel and of Hungary exemplify this fast technique, which makes it possible both to measure certain qualities of the maps and to reveal certain deviations.(back)
Marco van Egmond
'At the time we were a sort of rebels club' : An interview with the founders of Caert-Thresoor
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 4, pp. 83-91]
In the spring of 1981, four enthusiastic people - Rob Braam, Arie Vis, Jan Werner and Kees Zandvliet - met together in The Hague. After a meeting of some hours, they decided to found a journal on the history of Dutch cartography: Caert-Thresoor. Now, twenty rich volumes of Caert-Thresoor later, the time has come to poke fun at those men present at its birth. This is an interview with the four 'rebels' about the past, present and future of this journal now celebrating its 20th anniversary.
Marco van Egmond
Twenty years of Caert-Thresoor in figures : Portrait of a celebrating journal
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 4, pp. 92-97]
Only twenty years young, the journal of Caert-Thresoor can already boast of a rich legacy. A quantitative analysis of the contents of eighty issues, the authors, the editors, and subscribers offers an impressive portrait of a living periodical. A solid base has been created for yet another twenty years of Caert-Thresoor.
Marco van Egmond
Behind the scenes of Caert-Thresoor
[Caert-Thresoor 20 (2001) 4, pp. 99-102]
For twenty years every quarter of a year subscribers to Caert-Thresoor have received a new issue of this journal. Each issue is the result of the combined efforts of the authors, editors, and printer. When readers take a first glance at the endproduct, they are not always aware of the amount of time spent to make that specific issue. This article offers a well illustrated insight into the production process of Caert-Thresoor.